Copyright 2021 © The Bartlett School of Architecture, UCL
The project aims to speculate on the future of skyscrapers with demographic changes and global warming leading to the increased frequency of diseases, urban heat islands, biodiversity loss, and poor air quality. With urbanisation, the areas covered with vegetation are lost to concrete jungles which do not contribute to the surrounding environment, leading to a lack of biodiversity and more frequent heat islands. Sparse, homogeneous trees surround the built environment. The idea is to design a vertical ecology so that the skyscrapers will interact with the environment. Biodiversity is promoted through design, materials, and biological living skins. The building itself can purify the local air and promote an enriched biodiverse environment through a symbiotic relationship. This reflects the impact of construction on air quality and the local biodiversity. The biodiversity-inducing building elements comprise various flora and fauna. The plants absorb pollutants through their leaves and roots. At the same time, the choice of insect-pollinated flora increases the biodiversity and environmental quality. The building material is tested to promote the growth of flora. This is achieved through the digital environmental analysis process, incorporating results in computational design and increasing the role of the built environment in the quality of urban areas.
The project re-imagines and speculates the future of the built environment with the vision of a new form of dynamic architecture that responds to the environmental conditions.
The increased frequency of airborne diseases and pandemics has made obvious the severity of the impact that air quality and carbon footprint has on the built environment.
The project focuses on air quality data with vertical pollutant variation. The design responds to environmental requirements with data incorporated into the computation. Bio-informed design contributes to the purification of air.
The reports show the most vulnerable are developing countries, primarily Asian countries, with a lack of resources to tackle the growing issue. These regions share a similar climate, carbon footprint, and air pollutant contribution.
The study relies on environmental simulations and analysis methods to reduce the dependence of the built environment of mechanical solutions by using passive temperature, humidity, heat gain, and light.
The project uses real data for environmental analysis with computational outputs and furthers using the sensor-based system to have active and dynamic solutions through interactive interfaces.
Through the preliminary field investigation, it was found that moss is the most widely growing organism in the urban high-rise environment.
The prediction and simulation were carried out based on the data of CFD environmental analysis, and the ideal value of carbon sequestration capacity in the skyscraper ‘was calculated.
Printing tests were carried out on different porous panel prototypes to screen out the prototype with the best printing results without supporting structure.
Exploring the printability of activated charcoal-clay mixed materials at different mixing ratios on the most basic box shape.
The optimal porous panel was printed using activated charcoal-clay materials mixed in different proportions, resulting in a maximum ratio of activated charcoal to clay of 1:1.2.
The systems consist of two types of cellular automata cells: active and inactive cells deployed into two different heat load surfaces. An active cell is deployed on the high heat load, while inactive cells are on the lower heat load.
Cellular automata create a spatial characteristic and define the usable space based on the heat load of CFD while also improves the thermal performance of the building.
High heat load surface becomes a place for green wall and public space, while the colder area becomes the usable space for main office area.
The organic-looking façade and opening of the building is the result of cellular automata influenced by the CFD data. The algorithm defines the opening and usable space throughout the building.